The Muhammadan


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About The Holy Birth of Our Beloved Messenger Muhammad (s) Mahdi & Jesus
Creation of Muhammadan Reality Secrets of the Creation of the Universe and the Muhammadan Reality Mahdi & Jesus

Descent of Nur Muhammad Secrets of Laylat Qadir and Allahs Sending of Nur Muhammad Mahdi & Jesus

Allah Defends the Kabbah Mahdi & Jesus

Blessed Birth Muhammadan Reality Birth of all creation Mawlid is the celebration of Life itself Mahdi & Jesus

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Historical Events Muhammadan Reality Mahdi & Jesus

Holy Ascension Miraj Muhammadan Reality. Realites of the Heavens and secrets of the Angels and their Powerful Tasbihs Mahdi & Jesus
7th Heaven Muhammadan Reality Rasul Audience with His Lord most High Mahdi & Jesus

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Signs of Armageddon

The Arrival  Imam Mahdi Muntazar & Prophet Jesus

& The Anti-Christ Mahdi & Jesus

Muhammadan Reality Mahdi & Jesus
Imam Mahdi Mahdi & Jesus
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Early Historical Events that Hamza Enters the Fold of Islam
Revelation of Prophethood The Quraysh Send Envoys to the King of Abyssinia
How `Umar bin Khattab Came to Islam The Deaths of Abu Talib and Khadija
Some Miracles of the Holy Prophet The Holy Prophet’s  Visit to Ta’if
The Prophet {S} and the Deer  
The Splitting Apart of the Moon  
Migration to Abyssinia  

Early Historical Events that
Shaped the Islamic Community

Muhammad’s r Marriage to Khadija al-Kubra
(from Kara Da’ud)

It is related that Muhammad {s} was twenty-five years old when he married Khadija who was forty years and some months at the time–his senior by fifteen years. Muhammad {s} was either twenty or twenty-five years old. All of the Prophet's {s} descendants, except for his son Ibrahim, the son of Marya Quptiya, were born of Khadija. She was his first wife, and it was in reference to her that this Quran verse was revealed;

Did He not find thee needy, and suffice thee?                         (The Forenoon: 9)

It is related that after the death of both her previous husbands, Khadija saw a dream: she saw the sun descending from the skies into her house, but it did not shine. During its stay in her house it began to shine, until there was not a house in Mecca where its light had not penetrated. When she awoke, she went to see her uncle’s son, Waraqa bin Naufal who knew about dream interpretation, who had read all the ancient books and was known to be a man of knowledge.

He said to her, “Your dream means that you will marry the Prophet of the last times before his prophethood is revealed, and you will be his wife. In the course of your marriage his prophethood will be revealed, and all of Mecca will be cleansed of unbelief and idolatry, and the pure light of faith will shine forth.” When he had told her this, she asked, “But where is he now?” Waraqa bin Naufal answered, “He is in Mecca,” and she asked, “Which tribe does he belong to?” “He is of Quraysh,” said her uncle’s son. “And of which clan?” she asked. “Of the clan of Hashim.” “Then tell me his name,” said Khadija. “His name is Muhammad, oh Khadija,” said Waraqa.

Having been told no more than this, without ever having set her eyes on him, Khadija began to love him with all her heart and soul. She asked Waraqa, “When and where will this sun rise?” and she began to wait night and day for these events to take place. Now, Khadija was a woman excelling in beauty and perfection, and her mind and manners were of great delicacy. She had no dearth of suitors among the Arab nobles and notables, but she inclined towards none and would accept no offer, despite the wealth and position it might have conferred. She waited patiently, burning with undisclosed passion.

One day Muhammad {s} was having a meal at his uncle’s house. Abu Talib and his sister Atiqa watched him as he ate, and they remarked his good table manners and his fine style of eating. They said to each other, “Muhammad is now grown, he is a young man now, it is time he got married. What shall we do? He cannot marry just any woman; she should be a woman of rank and from a good family, who will make him a pure and decent wife. But to find such a woman is very costly, and we don’t have the means...” For at that time, by divine wisdom, Abu Talib’s affairs had foundered, and he was now a poor man.

Thus it was possible for Muhammad {s} to become Khadija’ s trading agent in her business with the merchants of Sham, and he had opportunity to prove his exceptional worth of character and high-mindedness. Had Abu Talib been as well off as he was aforetime, none of this would have transpired, Rasulullah {S} would have had no occasion to travel in business.

Abu Talib now answered his sister Atiqa, “I don’t know how to go about this, what shall we do?” The Prophet’s aunt Atiqa said, “I have an idea. You know of Khadija, and you know also the excellent reputation she enjoys; whoever has had dealings with her, has profited by them, she is a very fortunate and auspicious lady. Besides, she is very wealthy. At this time, she is just getting ready to send a caravan to Sham, laden with all manners of goods, and she is employing people in her service. Why don’t we send Muhammad along to accompany the caravan, in her employ; that way he will earn a little something, and with a little help from our side, he should be able to get married.”

Abu Talib agreed with her, he thought this a very good and useful proposition. He approved and said, “Indeed, this is a very reasonable idea, only I am too shy to go up to Khadija and ask her to hire Muhammad to do her business for her in Sham.” So Atiqa said, “I will go to her then, and talk to her.”

First she went and informed Muhammad {s} of the talk she had had with his uncle. Muhammad {s} was agreeable to the idea and voiced no objections. When his uncle Abu Talib heard that he had accepted, he wept, for it hurt him to see his nephew sent on such a trip for wages. “No one of our tribe has ever had to travel for wages before, least of all such a pure bred, nobly born boy as Muhammad, with his honor, nobility and grace shining upon his forehead; yet, what can I do? We have fallen upon hard times, and situations may occur when dubious actions are permitted, some things become permissible through necessity. So if it has to be, go then and speak with the lady, Khadija.”

So Atiqa went to Khadija and tried to explain things to her. As for Khadija, the coming of the Prophet's {s} aunt to her meant the advent of happiness, and she received her with honors and signs of great favor. When it came to stating her request, she felt ashamed to do so, considering the honor with which she had been received. Atiqa sat choking on her words, when Khadija herself broached the subject. “Oh Atiqa, noblewoman of the Arabs,” she said, “your demeanor tells me that you have something on your mind that you wish to say, but are not quite happy to do so. Tell it to me, for whatever is your request, know, that I will be more than happy to oblige, it is an honor for me to comply with your wishes.”

Then Atiqa felt easier and she said, “You must have heard of Muhammad {s}, my brother Abdullah’s son who was orphaned before he was even born and brought up first by his grandfather, then by my other brother, Abu Talib. Now he is grown and it is time for him to get married. However, Abu Talib has fallen into straightened circumstances and has not the wherewithal to perform this important duty towards his nephew. Now we have heard that you are getting ready a trade caravan to travel to Sham these days, and if you see it fit to take my nephew along, you will gain the gratitude of the house of Hashim. Will you accept our young relative in your service, and send him on this trade mission to Sham?”

Khadija became thoughtful, thinking to herself, “This youth must be the man in my dream, all the descriptions that my uncle’s son Waraqa gave me apply to him. He is of the Arabs of Mecca, of Quraysh, of the house of Hashim. His noble name is Muhammad {s}. He is known even now in the town as al-Amin, the trustworthy, he is always called Muhammad Amin. His purity and piety are the talk of the town. The Muhammad of my dream can be no other Muhammad than this man who is destined to become the Prophet of the last times.”

She then turned to Atiqa and addressed her thus: “Oh noblewoman of the Quraysh! I have heard talk of this Muhammad, he is thought by all to be honest and truthful, and of exemplary piety. But I have never met him myself. Will he have the necessary strength to lead a caravan? For it is no easy task to look after such an assemblage of men and beasts, and to ensure their safety and protection. I ask you to please have him come to me, so that I might see him and judge for myself.”

Khadija wished to see him so that she might be sure he bore all the signs mentioned in the holy books, and accorded to all the descriptions given therein. When Atiqa had gone, Khadija went to bathe and dressed herself in her finery, then she got her house ready and waited for her visitors to come. She had a thin curtain hung across the room, and she told all her servants to treat the arrivals with respect and to seat them in the place of honor. Then she sat down and perused the holy books until her visitors were announced. When Rasulullah {S} and his aunt came, they were duly received and given every courteous attention. Khadijah compared Muhammad’s r person with what she had read in the holy books concerning the prophet to come, and she found all the signs matching and in accordance with what was written of him. Now she was certain that he was the man of her dream. She knew this to be the truth and her heart beat with excitement.

She would have been happy to marry him at once, but being a very principled lady, she realized it was wiser to wait awhile; for were she to marry him at once, she would certainly encounter a lot of resistance from the people. She concluded that it would be much better if she first sent him to Sham as her business agent, and then arrange the marriage proposition. So she said to the Prophet’s r aunt Atiqa, “Normally I give my caravan drivers twenty-five gold pieces for this journey. However, since Muhammad is such a nobly-born and high-ranking person, I agree to give him fifty pieces of gold, if he is willing to accept.”

Atiqa was more than pleased with Khadija’s handling of the affair, and she went to inform Abu Talib who was equally pleased. They both impressed on Muhammad {s} to accept the offer and to do whatever she asked him to do. Muhammad {s} then went to her house and offered his services, and Khadija was very glad for this outcome.

The leader of this caravan was a man by the name of Maysara. Khadija said to him, “Oh Maysara! Whatever you do, do not treat Muhammad as a simple laborer-for-wages in my employ! You are the leader of this caravan, but I ask you to regard him as my independent business agent. Serve him well, and make everything as easy and pleasant as possible for him. Obey him, don’t oppose him, and do him no harm.” After many such admonitions she added, “One more thing: until you have left the town behind, treat him as you would treat any ordinary man traveling with the caravan; only when you have passed out of the city, clothe him in this new suit of clothes and mount him upon this finely equipped camel. Do only as he orders and do your best for his protection. Lead him home by the shortest and safest route, and let no distractions of the road interfere. For know that he is a noble kinsman of Quraysh, and the best of them all. Let us not be shamed before them. If you do as I have bidden you, and all goes well, I will give you your freedom and reward you better than you have hoped for.”

Then the caravan prepared and assembled to leave. The townspeople gathered round to watch it go, some just came to stare, others to bid farewell to their friends and relations. Muhammad’s r departure aroused a great deal of interest, and many of his relatives had come to see him off, among them the nobles of Quraysh and the Bani Hashim. When his aunt and uncle, Atiqa and Abu Talib saw Muhammad {s} in the garb of a common hireling, they lost control and began to weep. Abu Talib even fainted from excessive emotion, and when he came to his senses, he clasped Rasulullah {S} to his breast.

Tears more shining than pearls welled up in his blessed eyes and rolled down his cheeks, fairer than the petals of the rose, and he spoke, “Forget me not and forget not to pray for me in those distant lands and the hardships that await me there.” Hearing these words from him, all his relatives began to sigh and weep. The heavenly angels wept as well and implored the Almighty, “Oh Lord, is this not Muhammad {s} of whom You have spoken, ‘Were it not for you, I would not have created the universe’; is it not he whom You have crowned with such honor?” Allah Almighty responded to them and said, “It is he who is My Beloved r. You, however, are ignorant of love and of being loved. Herein there is also hidden wisdom which is yet to appear.”

After everyone had dispersed, the caravan set off for its distant destination. Now Muhammad {s} was overcome with the pain of being a stranger in this world, so that he wept and spoke inwardly, “Oh my parents, oh beloved mother, oh my father whom I never knew! If only you could see what has become of your son, if only you could behold him in the attire of a lowly wayfarer! Oh exile, oh toil, come to me, now is your moment! Mecca, my homeland, shall I ever see you again, or shall I breathe my last, far from home in a strange and foreign land?” Thus he was overcome by the pangs of homesickness and the loneliness of the road.

Oh Nation of Muhammad {s}! When you hear of the woeful events that befell your noble Prophet {S}, and the pain he experienced from feeling like a lonely and deserted stranger, it is incumbent upon you to weep for him in his plight! For whenever this Nation weeps for him in such moments as these, the angels register it and turn to the Lord Almighty, saying, “Oh Lord, what is it that they are now weeping?” The Almighty then answers them, “It is because they are following the story of their prophet, and they weep out of empathy and compassion for My beloved Prophet {S} and all that befell him. Oh My angels both in Heaven and upon the earth bear witness! I will free from the torment of Hell all those of my servants who weep for the sake of My beloved, My wrath and punishment shall be lifted from them!” This is another evidence of the compassionate Grace and Munificence of our Lord Almighty.

Thus the Holy Prophet {S} departed from his hometown Mecca-tul-Mukarrama, may Allah increase its renown and favor us with a sojourn at these holy places. After they had left the city behind, the leader of the caravan, Maysara, gave him the splendid robe to wear and he had him mount upon a lavishly adorned camel. Abu Bakr was also traveling with this caravan. Maysara and Abu Bakr said to Muhammad {s}, “Oh Muhammad {s}, you are our chief, and we will abide by your word. Inform us of your wishes, and of what is required.” From then on till the end of the journey, they served Muhammad {s} and showed him honor in every way.

Allah Almighty sent a little cloud to accompany them which stood above the Holy Prophet {S} at all times, shielding him from the rays of a violent sun. The Almighty also ordered the wind to send a soft little breeze to accompany His beloved, that brought him cooling as from a fan, so that he felt neither the heat of the road nor the torridity of the desert round him. In this way the infinite Grace of the Almighty manifested and the caravan proceeded along its way.

At some point in the trip, two of the camels belonging to Khadija grew exhausted and could no longer go on. Maysara came and told Muhammad {s} of this. The Holy Prophet {S} went over to the animals and with his blessed hand he gently stroked the legs of the camels. Of an instant the camels rose and their strength was restored; they assumed their place in the string of camels and followed the lead. Seeing this, Abu Bakr and Maysara marveled and understood that Muhammad {s} carried with him a special blessing and that he would one day be great.

The caravan moved along at a steady pace until it reached a certain church by Busra on the outskirts of the land of Sham. It was the same hermitage that Muhammad {s} had visited with his uncle Abu Talib when he was a boy, and he had known the monk Buhayra. This old monk had meanwhile passed away, and in his place there lived a younger monk by the name of Nastura. He was renowned for his asceticism and for his great learning, and his knowledge of the scriptures was profound. The Prophet {S} and his companions came up close to the church, wishing to dismount and rest awhile under the shade of the old trees. Rasulullah {S} went and sat beneath a tree, leaning his back against its trunk. It was an old, dead tree, but as soon as he touched it, it came to life again, sprouting fresh green and even bearing fruit on its boughs.

The monk Nastura watched the approach of the caravan and emerged from his cell. He beheld a radiant person seated at the foot of the dead tree which had suddenly sprung to life and greened anew and now was laden with fruit. He also saw a small white cloud hovering in the sky that shaded him alone. Nastura realized instantly that this man must be either a prophet or a very holy man of God. He turned back and disappeared in his cell where he prepared a splendid meal for the wayfarers. He invited the entire caravan to his dwelling, for he wished to see up close that blessed person he had noticed at a distance, and to learn more about his mission with the caravan. By inviting them to his hermitage he could take a closer look at him and make his acquaintance.

Maysara responded gladly to the monk’s invitation, while Muhammad {s} said, “You go ahead, I will stay here and guard our belongings and pack animals.” Maysara was very pleased with this arrangement, for Muhammad {s}, as everyone knew, was the most trustworthy of all. So Maysara took his leave of him and went to have dinner at the hermitage. When all his guests were assembled, the monk went out and saw that the cloud had not moved from its place, so he came back to his guests and asked whether they had left anyone outside. They answered truthfully that they had left Muhammad {s} outside to keep watch over their belongings. The monk Nastura then said, “You have my word that your belongings will remain untouched; just ask this person to come in to me, for I have need to see him.” Then he went out in person to invite the Holy Prophet {S} to come inside.

The Holy Prophet {S} rose when he saw the monk approaching him and shook his hand. Nastura said, “I have prepared this meal especially for you, my friend, it is quite important that you attend it in person.” So, as Rasulullah {S} began to walk towards his hermitage, the monk observed that the little white cloud overhead followed him, and that as soon as he stood still, the cloud also stopped above him. They came to the church hall; the monk seated Muhammad {s} in the seat of honor, and went out again to look. He saw the cloud hovering over the entrance to the church, and he heard these words coming from it, “When our Holy Prophet {S} comes out again, I will again be his shade; therefore I am waiting here.” Then Nastura went in and joined his guests.

When they had eaten, the monk addressed Muhammad {s} and asked him the following questions, and received these answers:

“Where are you from?”

“I am from Mecca.”

“Of which tribe?”

“Of the tribe of Quraysh.”

“Of which clan of Quraysh?”

“Of the clan of the Bani Hashim.”

“What is your name?”

“My name is Muhammad.”

Thereupon the monk rose and embraced Muhammad {s} and kissed him upon the forehead. Then he gave his testimony: “I testify that there is no god but Allah, and I testify that you are Muhammad, His Prophet.” After showing him all the respect and honor he could, Nastura asked him, “There is one request I wish to make of your holy person which I beg you to accept.” “What could your wish be?” asked Muhammad {s}. “I would ask you to show me the unmistakable mark of your prophethood so that my heart might have certainty and my mind be at peace and my conviction be strengthened.

The Prophet {S} answered him, “What is it you wish to see?” The monk said, “I wish to see the seal of prophethood which is stamped on your back between your shoulder blades, this is the stamp of your mission. I would so wish to behold it and kiss it and rub my eyes upon it, that my eyes might be filled with the light therefrom and I might delight in its heavenly scent.” The Holy Prophet {S} in order to please his host then stripped off his upper garment so that the monk could see what he wished to see. Upon the seal was written:

Tawajjuh haithu shi’ta fa-innaka mansur

(turn wherever you will, you will be assisted.)

The monk rubbed his face and eyes on this seal, then he said with great deference and respect, “Oh Holy Prophet {S}, oh Beautification of the Judgment Day, oh Intercessor of your Nation, oh Amender of Troubles, oh Dissolver of Difficulties, oh Prophet of Mercy!” Having praised the Prophet in these words, the monk was honored with acceptance into Islam (before its time, as the prophethood of Muhammad {s} had not been revealed as yet).

After this, the monk turned to the whole caravan and told them that the Prophet {S} who had now appeared among them was the celebrated personality that had been anticipated and foretold in the words and scriptures of all prophets since the time of Sayyidina Adam u. He confirmed that all the prophets were of great worth and closeness to Allah Almighty, but that the long-awaited prophet the whole world had been expecting now dwelt in their midst, and he implored them not to stay for long in Sham. For just as he had been able to recognize him by his marks and signs, so could the unbelievers of Damascus who were his sworn enemies and wished to do him harm.

After the gathering had heard the admonition of the monk, they rose to resume their journey. When they reached Sham, their trading was accomplished in a very short time and yielded unexpectedly high profits, through the blessings carried by Muhammad {s}.

One day during their stay in Sham the Holy Prophet {S} said to and Abu Bakr, “Let us go to the unbelievers’ house of worship and see what they do there.” Neither Abu Bakr nor Maysara were too happy to go there, but they didn’t feel right about refusing Muhammad’s r request either. So, on a certain day they went to the unbelievers’ house of prayer. There were a great many people assembling there, and the unbelievers manifested their disbelief. When Muhammad {s} entered the prayer house, the chains on which the great lamps were suspended began to swing under the impact of his holy gaze, until they snapped and broke, the lamps tumbling to the ground in broken shards. The unbelievers who were assembled in the building were stricken with horror and took to weeping and wailing, and they made a great commotion.

  • The most learned among them however said, “Quick, shut all the gates, for the man who is to be the Prophet of the last times must secretly be among us! Let him not escape,

  • for all this is written and described in our holy books. Let each one of us now be identified by his brethren, and he who is not of us, him let us seize and dispose of forthwith;

  • in that way we shall have rid ourselves of the danger coming to us from this Arabian prophet who could destroy our religion once he takes up his calling.”

  • So the gates were shut and all the unbelievers got together and looked at each other to discover who they did not know.

  • Abu Bakr and Maysara now feared for their lives and began to weep, but Muhammad {s} said to them,

  • “Have no fear, for they cannot see us; Allah’s protective power will cover us, so that they cannot touch us.”

  • In this way Muhammad {s} reassured his friends. The unbelievers meanwhile gathered in one spot and began to search the premises.

  • Abu Bakr relates: “The three of us remained standing in one place.

  • The unbelievers passed to the right and to the left of us, so close that they even touched us.

  • Despite this, not one of them was able to see us. They passed by us in a confused and senseless manner.

  • They took count of their own number and found no stranger among them.

  • They checked all corners and window niches several times over, yet they found nothing. At long last they concluded that he must have stood outside the building and cast a glance at the lamp from there, causing it to crash. ‘Now they have come and gone; where shall we look for them?’ they wondered.

  • So they opened the doors and gates again, and we left.” Abu Bakr, Maysara and the Holy Prophet {S} went back to their caravan and prepared for immediate departure.

When seven days journey remained till they would reach Mecca ‑ may Allah increase its luster and grant us easy access – Maysara wrote a letter to Khadija as was his custom whenever he reached this stage of the journey, informing her of their progress and the results of their trading. This time he wrote to her that they had fared far better than in previous years, and their trade had been far more profitable than before, and that he believed this had to do with the blessing of Muhammad {s} who had traveled with them for the first time this year. He then sealed the letter, looked at the Holy Prophet {S} and said, “Oh Muhammad, light of my eyes, will you do this letter the honor of taking and delivering it in person to the lady Khadija?” Muhammad {s} agreed and a fine Hijin camel was decked out for the journey. He set out at the break of dawn, proceeding towards Mecca, and they followed him with their eyes until he disappeared from view.

When they could no longer see him, the camel lost its way. The following narration tells of this: Shaytan took hold of the camel’s halter and led it astray. Thereupon Allah Almighty in all His Might and Glory commanded the angel Jibra'il u to descend to earth and set the Prophet and his camel back on the right way. Thus it is revealed in the Holy Quran:

Did He not find thee erring and guide thee?         (The Forenoon, 7)

Then He commanded the angel to fold up the earth so that he might reach his destination speedily. The angel Israfil u was commanded to stand by his right, and Mikhail u by his left side, and in this way the Holy Prophet {S} was protected and guided safely through the perilous desert. He felt sleepy and dozed off, and the angel Jibra'il u folded up the earth beneath him, so that he reached Mecca by the time the sun rose again, though it was seven days distance from where he had set out.

After the Holy Prophet {S} had departed for Sham, Khadija was beset by a great and passionate longing for him, which grew stronger with each passing day. When she awoke in the morning she would look out her window facing north, the direction of Sham, and wonder whether this day she would have any news. She waited. One day, she was again looking out for a messenger when in the distance she beheld a cloud of dust. She looked again carefully and managed to distinguish a rider approaching at the speed of an arrow shot from a bow. Two angels in the guise of birds were shading this rider with their wings, or according to a differing narration, she saw him being shaded by a white cloud. As soon as she saw him, she began to wonder who he might be and what urgent message he might bring, for he came on in great haste. Presently a servant girl entered and brought her the news.

“Good tidings to you, my lady,” she said, “the rider we saw approaching is Muhammad {s}.” To this Khadija replied, “If it is really so, I will set free all the slave girls that I own.” No sooner had she uttered these words that the Holy Prophet {S} rode up to her gate.

All of a sudden Muhammad {s} awoke from his slumber and found himself before Khadija’s gate. He dismounted and entered the courtyard and was received with great courtesy and regard. Khadija then read the letter he handed her and noticed that it was written on the same day as it was delivered. “When did you set out?” she asked Muhammad {s}. “This morning, at the break of dawn,” answered the Holy Prophet {S}. Then Khadija knew for certain that this man of miracles was the prophet to be, and from joy at his safe return she set free all her slave girls. Then she said to Muhammad {s}, “The camel on which you have come, and all that is upon it shall be yours. Go now to see your relatives, then quickly return to me.”

While he was gone, she prepared bread dough and baked the bread with her own hands. Nobody else could bake bread as she did. When the bread was done, Muhammad {s} returned from visiting his relatives. She asked him if he would be willing to return once more to the caravan if she asked him to. “Certainly,” he said, and she wrote him an answering letter, gave him the warm bread and sent him off. The Holy Prophet {S} remounted his camel and took to the road again. As soon as he was gone out of sight, as before he was overcome by a great drowsiness and he fell into a deep sleep. Again the angel Jibra'il u folded up the ground ahead of him, Israfil u shielded him from the right and Mikhail u from the left, and a small white cloud traveled overhead, shading him. In this way he made his progress.

Meanwhile, when Muhammad {s} set out with Maysara’s letter, Abu Bakr said to him, “You have committed a bad mistake. Muhammad {s} is inexperienced, he knows not the way through the desert and you have sent no one along to guide him. How easily he may go astray and get lost in this wilderness! How will you face the lady Khadija and the Bani Hashim?” Maysara became downhearted when he heard these words from Abu Bakr. He ordered the caravan to halt, and sent out Hijin riders in search of Muhammad {s}. While the search party was yet roaming for him, they saw Muhammad {s} coming towards them from the direction of Mecca. It was the time of Duha, the late morning. When Maysara was told, he said, “You see, he missed the way and kept going round in circles until he ended up back where he started out from.”

As they were yet talking of him, the Holy Prophet {S} strode in, and they could smell the scent of fresh bread, which took them greatly by surprise. “It smells just the same as the bread that Khadija bakes,” they wondered, “how can that be? Where can he have found that?” Just then Muhammad {s} entered the tent, greeted them and handed them bread and letter from Khadija. It was obvious to all that indeed it had come from the hand of the lady Khadija, but no one could understand how. “When did you get there?” they asked Muhammad {s}. “I arrived just as the sun was rising,” said Muhammad {s}, “I handed Khadija your letter and while she was baking the bread I went to see my relations. When I came back to her, the bread was ready and she wrote this letter and sent me back to deliver it.”

They all marveled at this and murmured among themselves, “All that the monk has told us about him is true. It is a seven days journey from here to Mecca, and a seven days return. To cover such a distance in a space of a few hours is beyond the power of any human being, it can only be done through direct empowerment by the Almighty Lord of the Universe, which He confers only on His Holy Prophets.”

Together they set out for Mecca, and in due time they arrived. Rasulullah {S} went to his uncle’s house while Maysara went to report to the lady Khadija. She welcomed him back and said, “When Muhammad came here, I saw two birds hovering alongside, as well as a white cloud above his head.” Maysara told her, “It’s been like that ever since we departed from Mecca.” Then he told her all that had occurred from the time they left to the present moment, and how everything confirmed what they had suspected already: that Muhammad {s} was destined to be the Prophet of the last times. Khadija also felt confirmed in her certitude as she listened to Maysara’s tale, but she said to him, “Oh Maysara, tell no one about what you have seen and heard,” and she repeated this over and over again for reasons of her own. For if the chiefs of Quraysh should hear about the exceptional gifts of this young man, they would all rush to marry their young daughters to him, and she would see herself deprived of happiness.

After the travelers had rested from their exertions for a few days, Abu Talib said to Muhammad {s}, “Oh Muhammad {s}, oh light of my eyes, it is time now to go to the lady Khadija and ask her for your wages. We will add to this whatever we can afford, and in this way we hope to find you a suitable match.” So Muhammad {s} went to Khadija’s house, but he was too shy to ask for what was his due. When at last he did ask her she said to him, “What will you do when I have paid you your wages?” Truthfully, Muhammad {s} answered her, “I will take the money to my uncle who intends to get me married.” Khadija then said, “How much is this money going to buy you? I have found you a wife who possesses a lot more of it. Of good family she is, of clear lineage and excellent character, pure and chaste. Her beauty is renowned throughout the lands of the Arabs, and not a few of the Arab chieftains have asked for her hand in marriage. Plenty are the offers of gold and silver and gifts of great value; alone, she would consent to none of these worthy suitors. There is one thing only in which she is lacking, and that is that she has been married before and has been widowed. If you will accept her despite this flaw, all of her wealth will be your own, and she herself your loyal servant.” In this manner Khadija made allusion to her own person. The Holy Prophet {S} heard and understood this proposal, and he blushed, and from bashfulness was unable to answer her.

When he returned to his uncle’s house empty-handed, Abu Talib asked him, “So, what did she give you?” Muhammad {s} said, “She did not give me it, instead she made fun of me, by talking of unsuitable things that cannot possibly be.” Alarmed, Atiqa went to Khadija and asked her about what had transpired between her and Muhammad {s}, and why she had made fun of her nephew in such a way. Khadija swore solemnly that she had not thought to ridicule him at all, rather that she was completely convinced of his superior qualification, both by birth and by personal distinction, on account of his truthfulness and trustworthiness which had been amply proven during his journey to Sham, and that her heart inclined strongly towards him so that she wished him for herself.

Muhammad’s r aunt Atiqa was amazed to hear these words from the high-born lady and said, “If I go now and explain this matter to Abu Talib, and should he consent, will you surely not change your mind and shame me thereby? Truly, you are not speaking in jest?” Khadija replied, “By Him who holds my soul, never have I been more serious about anything in my entire life. Go directly to Abu Talib and give him my salams. Go also and invite my cousin Waraqa bin Naufal; give him plenty of wine to drink and when he is quite happily drunk, let Abu Talib ask him for my hand. The rest I will take care of when he comes to speak to me. In that way the match can be arranged.”

Atiqa went back, jubilant in her heart and told all to Abu Talib. He too was glad and prepared to invite Waraqa bin Naufal, Abu Bakr and the chiefs of the Meccan clans. They gave Waraqa a lot of wine to drink, and when he was nicely in his cups, Abu Talib approached him and said, “Oh Waraqa, there is a favor I have to ask of you.” “What may that be, ya Abu Talib?” asked Waraqa. Abu Talib then said, “You know for yourself what a fine young man my nephew Muhammad {s} is, truthful, trustworthy and honorable as no other; for him I am asking the hand of your cousin Khadija.” All the assembled chiefs and notables thought this a suitable proposal, and Waraqa answered, “Yes, it is a good idea, and my wish as well. As her guardian, I give her to your nephew in marriage. But I will speak to her first, then I will return.”

So Waraqa proceeded to Khadija’s house and spoke to her. He said, “All the dignitaries of Mecca and the heads of Quraysh have proposed that I marry you to Abu Talib’s nephew Muhammad {s}. I, too, find this a suitable proposition, but I have come to you to discuss the matter with you and to obtain your consent, if indeed it is forthcoming. Should you find this acceptable, you need only appoint me as your representative, and the marriage contract will be concluded.”

Khadija then pretended to know nothing of this matter and asked Waraqa to tell her about Muhammad {s}. “He is extremely pious,” said Waraqa, “of excellent character, truthful and reliable. He is nobly born and his honor, kindness and good nature are undisputed. The only thing he lacks is money, of that he possesses none to speak of.” Khadija then said, “Money, of that I have an ample supply myself, more than I can count. If this Muhammad is really as excellent as you say he is, I have no objection. Go then, and as my representative perform the ceremony of nikah.”

Waraqa then returned to Abu Talib and the assembled Meccan dignitaries, and the nikah was performed and witnessed, and thus Muhammad {s} and Khadija were joined in the bond of holy matrimony. This ceremony took place on a Friday, and both Abu Talib and Waraqa bin Naufal made speeches at the wedding, but it was Khadija’s uncle ‘Amr bin Asad who gave her away.

There is disagreement concerning the matter of the marriage settlement (Mahr). Some authorities say it consisted of twelve okes of gold and five hundred dirhams of silver, some say it was twenty camels. When the marriage contract was concluded, Abu Talib slaughtered one camel in gratitude and invited all the nobles of Mecca to a feast. Muhammad {s} then said to Abu Bakr, “Will you go with me to the house of my bride, Khadija?” “With the greatest pleasure,” replied his friend, and together they went there. Abu Bakr accompanied Muhammad {s} to Khadija’s house where she had prepared a splendid welcome for him. After food and drink had been served and all the guests had departed, the couple finally remained alone. Khadija then kissed his hands and made over to him all she owned, even the robes she wore on her person, disassociating herself entirely from all material belongings.

Khadija was Muhammad’s r first wife and he loved her dearly and always held her in the highest esteem. As long as she lived he married no other woman. For twenty-four years, five months and eight days she lived with him and served him. It was fifteen years before the revelation of his prophethood; when it was revealed, she believed in him and accepted his message and was the first woman to accept Islam, may Allah be well pleased with her.

Khadija passed away three years and four months before the Hijra from Mecca to Madinah and lies buried on the hill of Hajun in the Nam area of Mecca. Seven children were born to the couple, three sons and four daughters. Their first son was Qasim; therefore the Prophet {S} is called Abu Qasim by the Arabs (meaning, “the father of Qasim”). The second son was Tahir, the third Tayyab; the first daughter was Zaynab, the second Ruqiyya, the third Umm Kulthum, and the fourth Fatima. All three sons died before the coming of the revelation, while the daughters still lived.

Through his marriage to Khadija, Muhammad {s} had become a wealthy man, and he now began to work with her capital. He was known throughout Mecca as a reliable and eminently trustworthy personality. Still there were his enemies and detractors who were not idle in pointing out that he had become rich through his marriage to Khadija, and they spread vicious gossip about him, saying he would soon cause her bankruptcy and ruin.

When Khadija heard of these rumors, she made a public proclamation, saying that she had made over all her wealth and worldly goods to her husband Muhammad {s}, that she had done so at the time of their marriage and she was now repeating the act, with full conviction. “From now on I own nothing, I am his slave and his dependent,” she said.


Muhammad {s} was known as al-Amin, the Trustworthy, for he was known to be utterly reliable, and anyone could entrust his goods to him. If ever there was a disagreement, he would be called as peacemaker between two parties. He was Abu Talib’s designated successor, for there was no one more highly esteemed than he.

When Muhammad {s} had reached his thirty-fifth year, the Quraysh wished to dismantle the building of the Kaba and erect a new one on the same spot. Since the time of Ibrahim u the Kaba had not been rebuilt. It stood between two mountains, and whenever it rained heavily, the water drained into the Kaba and dirtied it. Therefore the elders of Mecca had decided to rebuild the holy house in such a way as to make it safe from flood damage, but from fear and awe no one had dared to apply himself to the task. The problem presently arose who was to have the honor of placing the black stone (Hajar-al-Aswad) in its place. The great clans of Quraysh, the Bani Hashim, the Bani Umayya, the Bani Zuhra, and the Bani Mahzun all came together to combine their efforts. They split the task between them, each clan being assigned to one wall. For a long while they hesitated to tear down the venerated ancient structure, but at last one man from among them took it upon himself to breach the wall, and the work began. They had torn the walls down to about a man’s height when they hit upon a green stone, which could not be split by any means. This was the stone mentioned by Allah in the holy verse:

“And when Abraham, and Ismail with him, raised up the foundations of the House…”

                                                                                 (The Cow, 127)

Then they knew they could dig no deeper, so they began to reconstruct the walls upon this foundation, using the original stones. When it came to resetting the Black Stone in its place, all four clans disagreed who should be given the honor of that supreme task. They sat down in the confines of the sanctuary and began to argue about the matter, each man praising the heroic deeds of his forefathers that entitled him to this honor rather than his rivals. Each accused the other of lying, tempers grew heated and soon it would have come to blows.

Finally they agreed to choose one man to perform the task, and they all agreed that it could be no other than Muhammad Amin r, no one doubted that he was the right man. Muhammad {s} considered their problem, then he took his cloak from his shoulders and spread it upon the ground. He then lifted the Black Stone and set it upon his cloak. Then he called to the men of all four clans to come and each lift a corner of his cloak and to thus carry the stone to its intended place in the newly built Kaba. In this way each clan would have taken part in the honorable feat and they all could take pride in it. Everyone was highly satisfied with the wisdom of this decision as it saved them the trouble of protracted disputes and, possibly, even tribal warfare, so they happily did as Muhammad {s} had suggested. When they had brought the stone near to the house, the question still arose who was to actually lift it to its place, but now they all agreed that no one was more suitable than Muhammad {s}, so he himself placed it there with his blessed hands.

Now all was completed but the roof, which was to be of wood. But in all of Mecca there was no wood and no carpenter to be found. However, it so happened that just at that time a merchant ship had come into Jeddah with a cargo of wood. They bought it from this ship, and they also found a Coptic carpenter who built the roof for them. To this very day the roof that was built at that time is still in its place.

In the time of Hujjaj bin Yusuf one corner (rukn) of the building was damaged by a falling stone, and it was immediately repaired.

Revelation of Prophethood 5

When Muhammad {s} had reached the age of forty, Allah sent the angel Jibra'il u to him to bring him the revelation. According to a different narration, Muhammad {s} was forty-three, and another version by Muhammad ibn Jarid says he was only twenty, but that cannot possibly be correct, for the mind of man does not mature before he has reached his fortieth year. As the time of the first revelation approached, Muhammad {s} began to experience many curious signs. In his dreams at night he would see the angel Jibra'il u, but he did not know him. During the day, he would roam about, lost in thought, and all the stones and clods of earth along the road would greet him, saying, “as-salamu alaykum, ya Rasulullah”. He would hear their voices and grow afraid of them.

At that time it was a custom among the Quraysh for the pious to retreat to a cave on the Mount of Hira during the month of Rajab and to spend this time secluded from their fellow men in solitary contemplation. Each group of the Bani Hashim had their own place there, side by side in adjacent caves.

One day the Holy Prophet {S} came down from the mountain and said to his wife Khadija, may Allah be well-pleased with her, “I am afraid, for I have seen many strange signs with my eyes; by day I hear the stones and clumps of earth speaking to me with a voice of their own, and at night there are great creatures that appear to me. One of them in particular is so tremendous that its feet are on the ground while its head is in the heavens. It would approach me and take hold of me...”

Khadija comforted and reassured him, “Oh Muhammad, these happenings are all part of the momentous changes that are about to come over you. When this sort of thing comes on you again, let me know.” So one day as they were sitting together, Muhammad {s} had another visitation of this kind, and he told to Khadija what he was seeing. Khadija went around to his back and embraced him from behind, then she asked him, “Do you still see it?” “Yes,” replied Muhammad {s}. Then she took off her head covering and asked, “So, do you see it still?” “No I do not; it has gone,” said Muhammad {s}. Thereupon Khadija said, “Good tidings to you, for whatever you have seen, it is not from the evil one, it must have been an angel from Heaven. For had it been the accursed devil, he would not have shied away when I uncovered my hair.”

Whenever the Holy Prophet {S} felt low-spirited and downcast, he would retreat to the cave on Mt. Hira to spend time in reflection and contemplation. Even if he came home at night looking downhearted, Khadija would always welcome him warmly, praying for the day to come when Allah would reveal to him his destiny. The day did come, and it was on a Monday that Allah’s mercy was revealed to him–just as the Holy Prophet {S} was born on a Monday, and died on a Monday as well – and according to some it was the eighteenth day of Ramadan, while others maintain it was the twelfth day of Rabi’ al-Awwal. Allah sent the angel Jibra'il u to Muhammad {s}, commanding him to appear to him and to teach him the Sura ‘Iqra’ (The Blood Clot).

This was the first revelation of the Holy Quran. The angel descended upon Mt. Hira, appeared to the Prophet {S} and greeted him, “As-salamu alaykum, oh Messenger of Allah!” The Holy Prophet {S} startled in surprise and would very nearly have fallen off the cliff from fright, had the angel of Allah not caught him in his wings, and held him so that he could move neither forward nor back. Then the angel said to him, “Oh Muhammad, read!” “How shall I read,” asked Muhammad {s}, “I do not know how.” “Iqra! (Read!),” repeated the angel, “Iqra! Bismi-rabbikal-ladhi khalaq. Recite in the Name of thy Lord who created!” and the angel recited the first Sura to him.


When the apparition of the angel was over, and he had released Muhammad {s} from his wings’ embrace, the Prophet {S} was in pain and left the mountain to go home. He reached his house trembling, repeating over and over to himself the Sura the angel had taught him, and he felt intensely afraid. He came to Khadija and said, “Now I have seen up close that person who has been appearing to me in the distance.” “What did he say to you?” asked Khadija. “He told me that I was a Prophet of Allah, and that he was the angel Jibra'il u. Then he made me recite after him this Sura -” and he repeated to Khadija what he had heard. Khadija had heard before that the prophets of old were instructed by the angel Jibra'il u, and through him received revelation from the Lord. Muhammad {s} was shivering and felt cold from within. He lay down, saying to his wife Khadija, “Cover me up!” as he laid his blessed head upon the pillow. She covered him with his cloak, and he slept.

Khadija then went to see her relative Waraqa ibn Naufal who was a learned man and who knew a lot of things about the coming of the prophet of the last times. She asked him whether he had ever heard the name Jibra'il, and he said, “Jibra'il is the name of one of the great angels of Allah; he is the messenger-angel sent to the prophets. But why do you ask me this question?” Then Khadija told him what Muhammad {s} had experienced, and Waraqa replied, “If what you say is true, then Muhammad {s} is the Arabian prophet we are waiting for, whose advent is foretold in all the ancient scriptures. Oh Khadija, did this angel not command your Muhammad to do something?” She answered that he had ordered him to proclaim the Unity of Allah, and that he taught him a Sura, which she then recited (Sura: The Blood Clot). Waraqa then exclaimed, “If this is truly the anticipated prophet of the last times, then I will be the first to believe in him, for I have expected and waited for him to come for such a very long time.”

Khadija returned to her house where she found the Prophet {S} still asleep. In his sleep the angel Jibra'il u appeared to him again and addressed him:

Ya ayyuhal Mudaththir Oh thou shrouded in thy mantle;

The Holy Prophet {S} lifted his head to listen.

Qum fa-andhir.  Arise and warn.

Wa rabbaka fa-takbir.  Thy Lord magnify;

Fa-thiyabaka fa-tahhir.  Thy robes purify,

    ( i.e. rid your heart from doubt and all other than God)

wa-r-rijza tahjur;  and defilement flee!

wa la tamnan tastakthir  Give not, thinking to gain greater,

wa li-rabbika fa-sbir  and be patient unto thy Lord.

In these first verses Allah Almighty set forth to Muhammad {s} his prophethood and enjoined on him prayer, magnanimity, kindness and patience. The Holy Prophet {S} rose. Khadija saw him and said, “Oh Abu Qasim, why have you risen, why won’t you rest some more?” “Khadija,” he replied, “my time for rest has passed. Again the angel has come to me, this time commanding me to go out and proclaim my message and to teach people to believe in Allah and to pray to Him.”

Khadija felt great joy when she heard these words, and said, “I believe in you, before anybody else; instruct me in your religion.” Khadija was therefore the first to embrace Islam. The Holy Prophet {S} was very happy that his wife was his first follower. Jibra'il u was present and instructed the Prophet {S}. He told him to fetch water so that he might teach him the rites of ablution and show him how to pray. After teaching all these things to Muhammad {s}, they prayed together, and Jibra'il u was the Imam.

How `Umar bin Khattab Came to Islam  5

The revelations continued and after a time there were thirty-nine people who followed the new religion of Islam. The Quraysh however were opposed to the new cult, and because of this, the new Muslims could not pray openly at the Kaba. The Holy Prophet {S} then prayed to his Lord, “Oh Allah, make Islam openly known, and let it be through one of these two, You alone know which one is the best: either ‘Umar bin Khattab or Abu Jahl bin Hisham.” Allah Almighty heard his prayer and answered it through ‘Umar bin Khattab.

At first ‘Umar bin Khattab was a sworn enemy of Islam and of the new Prophet {S}. One day he made his way to the Prophet’s house in order to kill him and to put an end to the ‘disturbance’, brandishing his sword. Abu Jahl had set out a reward on Muhammad’s r head, promising one hundred camels and one hundred pieces of gold to his murderer.

‘Umar was a man of fiery temperament. On his way to Muhammad’s r house he ran into one of the Sahaba (Companions of the Prophet {S}) whom he knew, and he yelled at him, “So you too have become one of those Muslims?” and slapped him in the face. This man replied, “What is your concern with me, ‘Umar, when your own sister and brother-in-law have entered the faith of Islam?” ‘Umar refused to believe this and turned directly towards his sister’s house to see if there was any truth to this. This sister was married to Talha ibn Zubayr.

As he approached the house, he could hear voices from inside reciting verses from the revelation. It was a Muslim named Habib who was teaching them the newly revealed verses. Enraged, ‘Umar stormed in, and yelled, “Where is he?” Habib hid himself and hid also the piece of deerskin on which the holy verses were written. ‘Umar in his rage began pushing and shoving his brother-in-law, even hitting him. His wife, ‘Umar’s sister, came between them to prevent the blows, and ‘Umar’s blows fell on her. Her cheek was split and blood ran down from her wound. Thereupon his sister also grew very angry, and cried, “Yes, we too have become Muslims, and it is the Truth, Allah and His Messenger Muhammad {s} are real and true. We worship no idols; we worship none but Allah Almighty, Allahu Akbar! If you don’t like it, then you must kill us!”

Hearing his own sister utter these words, ‘Umar came to his senses and regarded his sister’s bleeding face and his brother-in-law knocked down on the floor, and he said, “Show me what it was that you were reciting!” The sister went to clean herself and make ablution; she then brought out the piece of skin on which were written these verses:

Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim. TaHa. We have not sent down the Quran upon thee for thee to be unprosperous, but only as a reminder to him who fears, a revelation from Him who created the earth and the high heavens; the All-Compassionate sat Himself upon the Throne; to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and in the earth and all that is between them and all that is underneath the soil.                          (TaHa. 1-5)

Hearing these divine verses, ‘Umar was profoundly stirred, and he said, “If this be the truth, then what we have been worshipping so far is nothing. Take me to Muhammad!” They said to him, “We will take you to him only if you promise not to speak badly and to do him no harm.” Now that ‘Umar had calmed down, Habib also came out of hiding, and saying, “Allahu Akbar!” they set out for the Prophet's {s} house.

Looking out of Khadija’s house, Hamza saw them approaching. He had himself accepted Islam only three days before, and seeing ‘Umar he now unsheathed his sword and said, “If ‘Umar is coming with good intentions, he is welcome; but if he draws near in anger, then our swords shall do the talking.” The Holy Prophet {S} said, “Let him draw near, it appears a change has come over him.”

So it was indeed: ‘Umar came before the Prophet {S} as a humble man, dragging his sword. The Prophet {S} welcomed him, saying, “Alhamdulillah, Allah has answered my prayer regarding you, He has chosen you rather than Abu Jahl to enter into the fold of Islam.” ‘Umar then accepted Islam at his blessed hands and was taught the prayers and rites of the religion. He then learned that the Muslims were forced to pray in secret, because Quraysh were preventing them from praying publicly at the Kaba.

‘Umar exclaimed, “What! Shall they pray to their false gods openly while we must worship the true God in secret? Come, we will go there right now!” So they set out, taking the Holy Prophet {S} in their midst, the whole flock of those first Muslims. Ahead of them strode ‘Umar, brandishing his sword, Abu Bakr on his right, ‘Uthman at his left, and Ali behind him, and all the other Sahaba grouped around and behind them. Thus they drew near to the sanctuary where the Quraysh were awaiting them, for they all knew of the price Abu Jahl had put on Muhammad’s r head.

When they saw them approaching with ‘Umar in the lead, they thought, “Ah, he has taken the lot of them prisoner!” But Abu Jahl was more observant than they and said, “By God, this does not resemble a line of prisoners, he seems to have embraced the new faith himself!”

When they had come up close ‘Umar in a loud voice declared his faith for all to hear. He said, “Let everyone stand informed that I, ‘Umar bin Khattab have become a Muslim, and this is my declaration of faith: Ash-hadu an la ilaha illAllah, wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadar-Rasulullah.”

Hearing this declaration, all the Quraysh assembled there with Abu Jahl slunk away and dispersed, from fear of ‘Umar who was fierce and known as a mighty warrior. Had it not been for him, they might have done all manner of cruelty to the small band of Muslims. From that day on they prayed openly at the Kaba, at all the times of prayer.

The Holy Prophet {S} preached Islam privately for three years, and instructed each Muslim individually, until the revelation of this holy verse:

O Messenger, deliver that which has been sent down to thee from thy Lord; for if though dost not, thou wilt not have delivered His Message. God will protect thee from men; God guides not the people of the unbelievers. (The Table, 72)

From that time onwards, he began to preach openly and in public.

Some Miracles of the Holy Prophet

Allahumma la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahil-‘aliyyil-‘azhim.

These are some of the miracles that our Holy Prophet Muhammad {s} performed.

The Prophet {S} and the Deer 5

Once the Holy Prophet {S} was out in the desert, when he heard a loud cry, “Stop, oh Prophet of Allah!” He followed the direction of the voice, and came across an Arab fast asleep, while a doe he had caught was tied up beside him. The Holy Prophet {S} realized that it was this animal’s voice that he had heard calling out to him. He approached it and asked, “What is it with you, what is your need?”

The deer answered, “Oh Prophet of Allah! I have left two of my young behind on yonder mountain, who are still too small to know which grasses to feed on; they are dependent on my milk. Please let me go so that I might nurse them and tell them what has happened to me. Let me take them to the pasture and show them what grasses to eat, so that they might not perish when I’m gone. I will be back after five hours have passed.”

The Holy Prophet {S} replied, “Will you keep your word? What if you don’t show up?” The deer said, “Then let the punishment of the traitor come upon me.”

Just at that very moment, the sleeping Bedouin awoke. He had heard the conversation of the deer with the Holy Prophet {S}, and now he said: “Have you ever heard of a wild animal that came back once it was set free?” “This one will come, inshaAllah,” answered the Prophet Muhammad {s}. The Bedouin said, “If it doesn’t come, I will kill you!” The Holy Prophet {S} then smiled and asked, “And if it does come back, will you then accept Islam?” “Yes, I will,” said the Bedouin.

So they set the deer free, and it ran off. After four hours had passed, the deer returned. The Holy Prophet {S} asked it, “You promised to return after five hours, but only four have passed. How is that?” “Oh Holy Prophet,” said the deer, “I went to find my fawns, and I told them of what had happened to me. They drank, but then withdrew so that you might not remain waiting in a tight situation. They said, ‘Go back to him an hour ahead of time, so that this Bedouin in his ignorance might not speak untoward words against him.’ That is how I arrived an hour ahead of time.” Hearing these words, the Bedouin embraced Islam and set the deer free.

The Splitting Apart of the Moon  5

Although the pagan Quraysh had witnessed a great many true miracles by the Holy Prophet {S}, they still would not forego their denial and disbelief. They continued in their efforts to confuse people, so that they would not embrace the faith. Their main aim was to make difficulties for the Holy Prophet {S}. However, Allah Almighty never leaves His Beloved Prophet Z amidst difficulties in the face of the disbelievers and never withdraws His Protection from his side.

One day the accursed Abu Jahl who was one of the foremost of Quraysh saw that there were a great many people following Muhammad and professing their belief in his prophethood. He conceived of a devilish plan and immediately sent word to one tribesman, Habib ibn Malik. In his message he wrote: “There has risen one person among us who claims that the religion we have inherited from our forefathers is null and void. He has gathered a great following around himself, and we are incapable of containing him. Therefore, we ask you to come and find means against him.”

As soon as Habib ibn Malik received and read Abu Jahl’s letter, he grew very angry and came to Mecca with a sizeable following. Abu Jahl saw him coming and said, “Let somebody go and fetch Muhammad by force”, but Habib said, “No, he merits a polite invitation; if he doesn’t respond, then let him be brought by force,” and he sent a messenger to invite Muhammad {s}. Together with eighty of the Sahaba, Muhammad {s} set out to meet Habib ibn Malik. According to another narration, he came alone, his black turban wound about his noble head. Habib looked at him and saw that he shone with the Light of Divine Beauty. He turned to Abu Jahl and said, “Is this Muhammad who you speak about?” “Yes, it is he,” replied Abu Jahl, may his name be cursed.

Habib’s heart was filled with faith at the sight of the Holy Prophet {S} and he guided him to his tent and said to him, “If you are truly a prophet, then show us a miracle.” The Holy Prophet {S} answered, “What is it you would like to see?” Habib said to him, “I would like to see the moon rise before nightfall to its highest point, then split in two; the two halves should descend and stand in front of you as witnesses; they should speak the words of the creed, be hidden beneath your robes and then emerge from your sleeves to ascend again to the high heavens. Thereafter the moon should return to the place of its arising, and it should be dark again; in its place let the sun shine forth anew. Secondly, there is something else I wish for in my heart: that you might have knowledge of that.” Abu Jahl heard these words, and they pleased him. “Bravo, Habib,” he said to him.

The Holy Prophet {S} climbed up to Jabel Abu Qubays and bowed down low in prayer. He entreated his Lord to help him in this matter, and instantly the angel Jibra’il u appeared to him, informing him of what Habib had in mind. The miracle Habib had requested was also made manifest. Before the moon rose, however, the Wardens of Hell opened a hole the size of a pinpoint through which the blackness of Hell seeped onto the earth. Of such intensity was this darkness that people’s teeth began to chatter, and they fell all over each other in the lightless gloom. Then the moon rose in its usual fashion till it reached its peak position. Then, upon a sign from the Holy Prophet {S} it split into two halves that descended by his side. Both parts were heard to utter the Kalimat-u-Shahada, then they disappeared beneath the skirt of his robe and emerged from his sleeves, paused upon his head for a moment, from there to resume their heavenly station once more. The moon then returned to the place of its arising, and the sun shone out over the world again.

(According to another narration, it was Abu Jahl or the Quraysh who wished for this miracle. That night, the Holy Prophet {S} pointed his finger at the moon and it split into two, one half descending on the Jabel Hira, the other half in another place. Later the caravan coming from Sham was questioned as to this event and confirmed having witnessed it as well.)

This was the first miracle Habib had requested. As for his second request, the Holy Prophet {S} now turned to Habib and said to him, “What you hold in your heart is your daughter; for you have a daughter who is blind and who is lame of hand and foot. She will now behold me in a dream and she will be filled with health and faith.” Upon these words, Habib also believed, but Abu Jahl was filled with unfathomable rage, and yelled at Habib, “I thought you were a reasonable person! We have held out for such a long time against this nonsense, not believing in any of the tricks he shows us! Yet you believe in the very first demonstration of his wizardry!” Habib replied, “Alhamdulillah, Allah be praised, I have believed and I am freed from error and misguidance. May you remain therein forever more, oh accursed one!”

According to one narration, Habib had hidden thirty thousand men behind the mountain, in order to fight the Prophet {S} if the need arose. When he embraced Islam, ten thousand of those men came forth every day and became Muslims. Jibra’il u descended and revealed the verses:

When comes the help of God, and victory, and thou seest men entering God’s religion in throngs, then proclaim the praise of thy Lord and seek His forgiveness; for He turns again unto men.                                           (Help)

At this the Holy Prophet {S} wept so much that those standing by him asked him, “Our Prophet {S}, why do you weep? Is it from joy that you weep, as men are entering into Islam in throngs?” Thereupon the Holy Prophet {S} answered, “At the end of times my nation will thus depart in throngs from the religion of Islam; it is therefore that I weep.”

Habib returned to his home and palace. At the gate, his daughter herself came out to welcome him. She told him of the dream she had had, in which she saw the Holy Prophet {S} and embraced Islam. Together father and daughter repeated the holy words of the Shahada. Habib sent two camel loads of precious stones to the gates of the Kaba. The messengers bringing the gifts did not know Muhammad {s} and asked for him. Abu Jahl intercepted them and said, “I am the chieftain here. Such gifts are sent from one chief to another, therefore they are due to me. Who is this Muhammad anyway?” Just then, Muhammad {s} happened to come that way, and an argument rose. To cut it short, Muhammad {s} said, “Let the camels decide the matter; whomever they choose, let the gifts be his.”

Thereupon Abu Jahl asked for time until the next morning at sunrise. He spent all night in front of his idols, imploring them to help him in this matter. “If you help decide this in my favor and make the camels speak for me, I will bring you great sacrifices, and anoint you with precious oils and perfumes...” he said to them. Finally even his companions grew tired of his antics, and they said, “It is enough, Abu Jahl; have Muhammad {s} called, so the matter can be decided.”

Muhammad {s} came and held his woolen cloak over the faces of the camels. He spoke to them and said, “Tell us now, where have you come from, and who has sent these gifts for whom?” The camels first pronounced the words of the Shahada so that all could hear them, then they said, “We have been sent with these gifts by Habib ibn Malik to Muhammad {s}”.

Thereby the matter was decided beyond doubt, but now there was a lot of talk about how rich Muhammad {s} had become all at once. He therefore led the camels to the other side of Jabel Abu Qubays and unloaded them there. He said, “I accept all of these gifts; may Allah reward the giver for them,” and sent the camels back to where they had come from. Then he spoke the words: “Kunu turaban juruza! Be ye turned to barren dust!” and the precious stones and gems all turned to dust. The Prophet {S} performed this miracle in order to demonstrate to the people that worldly wealth and earthly possessions meant nothing to him and were of no real value.

Migration to Abyssinia  5

Still, day-by-day conditions in Mecca worsened for the Muslims. They suffered more and more injustice and oppression at the hands of the pagan Meccans. One day in the fifth year of his prophethood, his closest friends came to Muhammad {s} and said, “Oh Muhammad {s}, we can bear it no longer, our patience is used up. Grant us permission to fight against them.” But the Holy Prophet {S} had not yet received the divine command to fight the unbelievers, so he replied, “If you can stand no more, then you may migrate elsewhere.” “But whereto?” they asked.

He pointed with his arm in the direction of Abyssinia. “Go to Abyssinia,” he told them, “they are Christians there, believers in a holy book. They will not harm you; they will respect your beliefs. There you may find relief.” (This became known as the first Hijra (migration). The second Hijra was the Prophet’s r migration from Mecca to Madinah.) Eighty of the companions set out for Abyssinia then, though according to other narrations they were only twenty-three. Their names included ‘Uthman bin ‘Affan and his wife Ruqiyya; Zubayr bin Awwam; Abu Hudhayfa bin’ Utba and his wife Sahla; Mus‘ab bin’ Umayr, Abdurrahman bin ‘Auf; Abu and Umm Salama;’ Uthman bin Maz ‘un; Amir bin Rabi’a and Layla; Suhayl bin Bayda’; Abu Sabra bin Abi Ruhm and his wife Umm Kulthum.

Hamza Enters the Fold of Islam  5

The pagan Meccans continued to harass the Holy Prophet {S} and the Muslims in every way. One day `Utba came running up from behind and knocked the Prophet’s r turban off his head. Another time Abu Jahl, standing on the hill of Safa, threw a stone at the Holy Prophet {S}, which hit and injured his head, but he said nothing. The Prophet's {s} uncle and milk-brother Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib was just returning from the hunt. As he was going from the hill of Safa towards the Kaba, he was met by the freedwoman of Abdullah bin Jud’an who called to him, “Had you seen what Abu Jahl and his louts have done to the son of your brother, you never would have stood for it!”

Hamza grew extremely angry when he heard this, and grasping his bow in his hand, he made straight for the Haram. He went up to Abu Jahl and hit him on the head a violent blow, hurting him. Abu Jahl began to protest, and seeking to defend himself, he said, “But it was he who insulted us, deeming us to be of no mind. He has insulted our gods and departed from the way of our forefathers.” To this, Hamza replied in a firm manner, “You worship other than Allah Almighty, can there be anything more mindless than that? I hereby bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger!”

Then Hamza went to the house of Khadija where he met the Holy Prophet {S}  and said, “Oh Muhammad, I have injured Abu Jahl on his head.” To this the Holy Prophet {S} answered, “You have caused him pain; of what use is that to me?” Hamza then said, “What would you rather have me do?” “I would wish that you became Muslim,” said the Holy Prophet {S}. “That is my wish as well, therefore I have come to you, oh Muhammad, please accept me into the fold of Islam.” The Holy Prophet {S} accepted him and Hamza became Muslim. According to a different narration, Hamza had already entered Islam at the time that ‘Umar became Muslim.

The Quraysh Send Envoys to the King of Abyssinia  5

The leaders of Quraysh sent envoys laden with gifts to the King of Abyssinia, demanding that he send back the emigrants. The messengers were ‘Amr bin al-‘As and Abdullah bin Abi Rabi’a. They came before the Negus and said, “Some mischief-makers from among our people have fled from us and sought refuge with you. They have come to carry out their mischief here among you, your religion, and your people. We have come to warn you of this.”

The envoys hoped that the Negus would give them a favorable reply, but instead he flew into a rage and cried, “No, by God, I will not give them up to you! Having no other recourse, they have sought shelter here with me – never shall I surrender them, not without having spoken to them!” The Negus had the emigrants called before him and he listened to them. He understood that the messengers who had come for them bore them ill intentions, so he sent them back, rejecting their offerings and request. He said to them, “Why do you attribute lies to your own prophet? He is the Messenger of Allah, we have read his description in our holy books, he has been announced to us already by Isa, the son of Mary.” In this way it was made known that the King of Abyssinia, the Negus was very close to Islam.

This Negus passed away five years after the Holy Prophet {S} had come to Madinah. The angel Jibra’il u withdrew the veil from the Holy Prophet’s r eyes, so that he could see from Madinah all the way to Abyssinia. He prayed the funeral prayer for the Negus at Madinah. This is the origin of the custom of the “salat al-janaza ‘alal-gha’ibin”, the funeral prayer for absent or anonymous dead.

Once the people of Mecca suggested to the Prophet {S}, “Oh Muhammad, we will worship your god, if you wish, but you must consent to worship our gods as well.” Thereupon the following holy verse was revealed:

Say, ‘Is it other than God you bid me serve, you ignorant ones?’ It has been revealed to thee, and to those before thee, ‘If thou associates other gods with God, thy work shall surely fail and thou wilt be among the losers.’ Nay, but God do thou serve, and be thou among the thankful.         (The Companies, 64-66)

The Sura ‘The Unbelievers’ was also revealed on this occasion.

Say, ‘O unbelievers, I serve not what you serve, and you are not serving what I serve, nor am I serving what you have served, neither are you serving what I serve. To you your religion, and to me my religion!          (The Unbelievers)

Then the pagan Quraysh came together and decided to write a document, which they did, and hung it up in the middle of the Kaba. The contents of their writ was this: there was to be a boycott on the Bani Hashim and the Bani Muttalib, that they should not marry their women nor give women to them to marry; that they should neither buy from them nor sell to them. These conditions were very difficult for the Muslims to carry, but they accepted them without complaint.

A space of about three years went by in this manner. One day a certain man Wahb bin Umayya came along and tore the piece of paper from its place. He asked who had written this page. Abu Jahl replied, “We attached it in its place in agreement with ‘Umar.” Allah Almighty sent a little worm to destroy this document, and by means of revelation He informed His Prophet {S} of this. The only thing on this sheet of paper that the insect left untouched were the words: “Bismika Allahumma” (In Thy name, oh God).

It later became known through the Prophet's {s} uncle Abu Talib that the hands of the writer of this page both withered.

The Deaths of Abu Talib and Khadija 5

In the tenth year of the Holy Prophet's {s} prophethood, his uncle Abu Talib died. This year was the most difficult and sorrow-laden year for Muhammad {s}. For three days after the death of Abu Talib, in the month of Ramadan, his wife Khadija also left this world for the next, at the age of sixty-five. Even more than by the death of these beloved persons, the Holy Prophet {S} was affected by certain rumors that cast doubt on whether his beloved uncle Abu Talib had died as a Muslim or not. At this point, a verse was revealed to the Prophet {S} which addressed itself to all the Muslims in the person of the Holy Prophet {S}:

Thou guidest not whom thou likest, but God guides whom He wills, and knows very well those that are guided.             (The Story, 56)

In spite of all the Prophet’s attempts to convince him, Abu Talib had not become Muslim. However, he is reported to have said, “Were it not that I feared that you would be abused after my death, and that Quraysh would think I had only said it in fear of death, I would have accepted what you call me to.”

When Abu Talib lay dying, the Prophet {S} sent Ali to him so that he might recite to him. When he passed from this life, the Holy Prophet {S} wept for him and said to Ali, “Go, and place him in his grave.”

After Abu Talib’s death, the leadership of Quraysh passed on to ‘Abbas, the son of Abdul Muttalib. ‘Abbas was unable to extend his protection to the Holy Prophet {S}, and Quraysh persecuted him and sought to harm him at every step. One day the Holy Prophet {S} was in the mosque praying, and while he was bowing down in Sajda, the disbelievers came and dumped dirt upon his head. His long hair and beard were soiled with dust. Nobody would have dared do such a thing while Abu Talib was alive. The Prophet {S} was patient for another year, then this verse was revealed to him:

So if they turn their backs, say, ‘God is enough for me. There is no god but He. In Him I have put my trust. He is the Lord of the Mighty Throne.’                    (Repentance, 129)

The Holy Prophet’s  Visit to Ta’if  5

After Abu Talib’s death, the Holy Prophet {S} was subjected to a great deal of insult and hostile persecution by the pagan Arabs of Mecca, and he was very much affected by this. People began turning away from him when he spoke and told them about Islam. He therefore decided to turn towards Ta’if for help.

Ta’if was a very important place in ancient Arabia. It was, as it were, a ‘hill station’, situated on the slopes of the higher and cooler mountains on the road to the Yemen, full of fruitful gardens and orchards. Because of the perpetual drought at Mecca, the Meccans were in need of the produce of Ta’if. At the time, a distance of three days’ journey separated Ta’if from Mecca. The higher classes and dignitaries of Mecca used to spend the three summer months up in the hills.

The Holy Prophet {S} now set out secretly from Mecca towards Ta’if, in the company of Zayd ibn Harith. (According to other sources, he went all alone). At Ta’if, the main chiefs and leaders were at the time three brothers of Bani Thaqif: Habib, Mas’ud, and Abdu Yalayl.

The Holy Prophet {S} went to them with the intention of speaking to them about Islam, perchance they might accept it, and with the purpose of securing their aid and protection against the hostile idolaters of Mecca. But when he had spoken to them and made his intentions plain, they said, “If you are truly a prophet what need do you have of our help? If God sent you as His messenger, why doesn’t He protect you? And if Allah wished to send a prophet, couldn’t He have found a better person than you, a weak and fatherless orphan?”

Hearing their response, the Holy Prophet {S} realized that it was hopeless to try to talk to these hard-hearted people, so he gave up and turned to leave. On account of the people of Ta’if this verse of the Holy Quran was revealed:

They say, ‘Why was this Quran not sent down upon some man of moment in the two cities?’ What, is it they who divide the mercy of thy Lord? We have divided between them their livelihood in the present life, and raised some of them above others in rank, that some of them may take others in servitude; and the mercy of thy Lord is better than that they amass.                               (Ornaments: 31, 32)

The Holy Prophet {S} feared that news of this encounter might embolden his Meccan enemies against him, so in parting he asked the Bani Thaqif of Ta’if to keep the matter secret. But they refused to comply even with this request, and they stirred up the rabble of Ta’if against him, who drove the Holy Prophet {S} out of the walled town, pelting him with stones and injuring his hands and feet. He was compelled to take refuge in an orchard beyond the city limits, which belonged to `Utba bin Rabi’a and his brother Shayba of the Meccan tribe of Shams. There he sat down by the side of the road to rest from the heat of the sun and the pain in his foot. He prayed to Allah Almighty, complaining to Him of his own weakness, little resource and lowliness before men. He did not invoke against the people of Ta’if, fearing the Wrath of Allah that would descend upon them.

The two brothers `Utba and Shayba were in their gardens at the time. They witnessed what had happened to the man of Quraysh, and they were indignant at his treatment. Moreover, they were moved to compassion by his condition, so they sent their slave ‘Addas, a Christian, to him, offering him a plate of grapes. The Holy Prophet {S} accepted the refreshment, took a bunch of grapes and began eating them, after pronouncing over them the words “Bismillah” (In the name of Allah). The young slave looked at him carefully and said, “By Allah, I have not heard these words spoken since I left my country.”

The Holy Prophet {S} then asked him which place he came from, and what was his religion, and he answered him, “I am a Christian from Nineveh.” “From the town of the righteous man Yunus, the son of Matta,” said the Holy Prophet {S}. ‘Addas was surprised and asked, “How do you know about Yunus, and who are you?” The Holy Prophet then replied, “He is my brother, he was a prophet of Allah, and I am a prophet of Allah, too.” ‘Addas then bent over him and kissed his head, his hands and feet. The two brothers were watching this from afar, and when ‘Addas came back to them, they reviled him for it. He answered his masters, saying, “There is no man in this country better than he; he has told me things that only a prophet can know.”

Then the Holy Prophet {S} returned to Mecca from Ta’if. News of what had transpired at Ta’if had already reached Abu Jahl and his henchmen, and he said, “They did not permit him to enter Ta’if, so let us also refuse him entry into Mecca.” Late at night, the Holy Prophet {S}eached the halfway halt between the two towns at the valley of Nakhlah. There he proposed to rest, and while he was engaged in prayer, a company of Jinn passed by, seven in number and from Nasibin. They witnessed the Prophet {S}reciting the holy words of the Quran. They hearkened to these words and responded, believing in the Prophet’s mission. They returned to their own people as Muslims. The Holy Quran mentions this incident:

And when We turned to thee a company of Jinn giving ear to the Quran; and when they were in its presence they said, ‘Be silent!’ Then when it was finished, they turned back to their people, warning. They said, ‘Our people, we have heard a Book that was sent down after Moses, confirming what was before it, guiding to the truth and to a straight path. O our people. Answer God’s summoner, and believe in him, and He will forgive you some of your sins, and protect you from a painful chastisement. Whosoever answers not God’s summoner cannot frustrate God in the earth, and he has no protectors apart from Him; those are in manifest error.                                             

                                                                    (The Sand Dunes, 29-32)

This is mentioned in another Sura as well:

Say: “It has been revealed to me that a company of the Jinn gave ear, then they said, ‘We have indeed heard a Quran wonderful, guiding to rectitude. We believe in it, and we will not associate with our Lord anyone.’” (The Jinn, 1-3)

The Sura ar-Rahman, the All-Merciful is addressed to the Jinn, as well as to men. The Holy Prophet was sent as a ‘Mercy for the Worlds’, again confirming his mission to both humankind and Jinn.

Now as the Holy Prophet {S} was approaching Mecca from Ta’if, he knew he would not be welcomed there. When a horseman bound for Mecca overtook him, he asked him to convey a message to a clansman of his mother’s clan, Akhnas bin Shariq. He asked him to extend to him his protection, so that he might enter in safety. But Akhnas sent back a reply, declining, saying he was only a confederate to the home tribe of Quraysh. The Holy Prophet {S} had by now reached the cave of Hira, where he had received the first revelation.

From there he sent word to Suhayl bin ‘Amr, asking him for protection, but Suhayl declined as well, also on the grounds of tribal principles. Then he sent the man to ask Mut’im ibn ‘Adiy, the chief of Bani Nawfal. Mut’im agreed and having girt his weapons, he rode out in the morning with his sons and nephews to escort the Prophet {S} from Hira to Mecca. When Abu Jahl saw him, he asked, “Are you giving him protection, or have you entered his religion?” Mut’im replied, “Granting him protection, of course.” Then Abu Jahl said, “We protect him to whom you give protection.”

Thus the Holy Prophet {S} continued his life in Mecca for a time, praying and preaching inspire of the hostility of the pagan idol-worshippers. He endured much abuse and insult, yet he sought to spread the message he had been entrusted with. He would move among the tribesmen who came to Mecca on the occasion of various fairs and religious feasts, and he tried to set forth to them his view. More often than not he met with incomprehension and derision, all the more so as his own uncle Abu Lahab went round behind his back, telling people that he was crazy and advising them not to listen to his words. It was during this period that the Mi’raj of the Holy Prophet {S} took place.



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